Pharmaceutical Preventions Regarding Antibiotic Resistance
Jessica Clark and Trama Giermann
Antibiotic resistance is one of the world’s most pressing health problems, not only to medical professions, but also for our society as a whole. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria changes in some way that reduces or eliminates the effectiveness of chemicals, drugs, or other agents designed to cure or prevent infections; the bacteria survive and continue to multiply causing more harm (1).
Pharmacists distribute prescription drugs to individuals; they also advise their clients, as well as physicians, on the selection, dosages, interactions, and side effects of medications (2). To help medical professions and clients in the health care facilities, we are making a rule implementing antibiotic resistance. The practice consists of pharmacists overlooking prescriptions, such as the use of antibiotics for the common cold. If the pharmacist sees a concern on why the prescribing physician decided to administer the antibiotic, he/she will have a discussion with the prescriber by overlooking the reasons why the physician chose that drug. If the client who has the common cold is administered an antibiotic, the pharmacist will consult the physician on discontinuing the prescription to prevent the antibiotic resistance.
The flu and colds are caused by viruses, not bacteria. Taking antibiotics when you have a virus may do more harm than good (3). About 85- 90% of all antibiotics are prescribed in primary care and about 50% of prescriptions are of questionable value (4).
Almost every type of bacteria has become stronger and less responsive to antibiotic treatment when it is really needed. These antibiotic-resistant bacteria can quickly spread to family members, schoolmates, and co-workers—threatening the community with a new strain of infectious disease that is more difficult to cure and more expensive to treat (5). By implementing our policy as pharmacists, we are to make sure the prescription prescribed to a patient who has the common cold is not an antibiotic candidate. By strongly standing by this policy, we are eliminating resistance to antibiotics that are commonly overused and abused.
References: (1). CDC (2009, June 30). Get Smart: Antibiotic Resistance Questions and Answers. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ (2). BLS (2007, December 18). Pharmacists. Retrieved from htt://www.bls.gov (3).SheHab (2008). Emergency Department Visits for Antibiotic-associated Adverse Events. Retrieved from http://www.genetics.org (4). Simpson A. Sharon (2009, March 23). Stemming the Tide of Antibiotic Resistance. Retrieved from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov (5). CDC (2009). Antibiotic Resistance. Retrieved from http://www.usa.gov